SHIATSU, ART OF TOUCH
Shiatsu is a holistic therapy based on the touch of the meridians of the human body and the tsubos associated with it. It harmonizes yin and yang, the circulation of the three principal sources of energy*.
Shiatsu act on biomechanical and energetic level. It promotes physical, psychological and emotional relaxation, gives back to the body its free movement, improves our natural postures.
Ki* (vital energy) | Jing* (the original essence) | Shen* (the spirit)
It is practiced on the ground, dressed in soft clothes to promote movement and touch. The practitioner uses mostly the pulp of the fingers or his thumbs to apply more or less deep pressures on wide areas or precise points located along the path of the energy meridians. Through movement, active ventilation, tensioning and relaxation, the practitioner accesses the deeper areas of the body. The fluid and balanced circulation of the energies between the points of the meridians, in relation with the organs and the viscera, promotes the state of good health.
Quote from Shizuto Masunaga Sensei in his book “Shiatsu et Medecine Orientale”.
Shiatsu is a manual therapeutic method developed in Japan during the 20th century, based essentially on a technique of stable and continuous pressures. Derived from the traditional Anma (method of deep pressure massage to remove), it is exerted by pressure by means of fingers or hands on the points of acupuncture of the meridians. Shiatsu aims to prevent or repair organic dysfunctions by an energy rebalancing. “Shi” means the fingers of the hand and “Atsu” holding and pushing.
The word “Shiatsu” and the method of treatment in its own right (combination of Eastern Anma and Western Chiropractic) was officially recognized by the Japanese Ministry of Health in 1955 thanks to the recognized work Of Tokujirō Namikoshi Sensei. In the early 1960s, Shizuto Masunaga, a pupil of Namikoshi Sensei, integrated into his clinical studies and shiatsu care several theories derived from the fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) or Kanpô ; the latter term designating medicine in Japan from China.
The principles of Yin-Yang, the five elements, the application of the four fundamental diagnostic tools (1), Kyo-Jitsu and its associated Ho-Sha treatment method, combine with its knowledge of the functioning of the meridians Energy resources.
A Shiatsu philosophy takes shape with a treatment system and a method specific to Shizuto Masunaga Sensei (2) : Shiatsu Zen. Subsequently, different approaches to shiatsu were developed. They are the origin of the shiatsu styles practiced in Europe since 1980.
At that time, several masters from Japan arrived in France to teach Shiatsu. One of the disciples of Shizuto Masunaga Sensei, Mr. Yasutaka Hanamura, then moved to Paris to pass on his knowledge to Paul Olivier, a former physiotherapist. Christophe Davy will in turn follow the teaching of Paul Olivier and develop his skills for 10 years to create Shinsoku Shiatsu “deep breath shiatsu”. It was with Christophe Davy and Maellä Caro that I trained in Zen then Shinsoku shiatsu between 2009 and 2013.
(1) Four methods of diagnosis of Oriental Medicine : Bôshin, Bunshin, Monshin, Setsushin Respectively, methods of diagnosis by sight, hearing and smell, speech, touch.
(2) Shizuto Masunaga Sensei was a shiatsu therapist and teacher between 1950 and 1981. Founder of the Iôkai Institute in Japan (Shiatsu Research Centre and Clinic of Care).
Shinsoku shiatsu applies two basic principles of shiatsu zen, namely the balance of the circulation of energies in the meridians of the human body and the harmonization of yin and yang. Its effectiveness is based on a work in motion and the search for the depth of zones of tonification and dispersion.
It is characterized by the coordinated action of breathing and mobilization of the body by techniques of tension and muscle relaxation. As a result, the practitioner accesses the muscles and fascia in close relation with the organs and the viscera. Dispensed in the form of a care, it is a manual therapy that asks the patient to participate actively during and after the session.
The specificities of shinsoku shiatsu, described below, are not systematically found throughout a session. They nevertheless make it possible to apprehend each person as close as possible to his expectations and needs :
- Assessment of the areas of the back of Masunaga, practiced standing to consider the posture.
- Practice of shiatsu zen on the meridians with or without stretching, integrating the Ho-Sha technique.
- Practice in consideration of extraordinary meridians or marvellous vessels.
- Assisted and / or verbally ventilated ventilatory work.
- Mobilizations of the 4 members and the whole of the column, progressive and adapted in tests or corrections.
- Passively energized with the sole movement of the ventilation, activated by a particular movement or the amplification of the ventilatory movement.
- Sudden or progressive release of the tension, adapted according to whether the practice is invigorating or dispersing.
- Working on a balloon to benefit from rebound dynamics; Not specific to pregnant women.
Shinsoku shiatsu is for all. It is a preferred method for pregnant women because it fits very well into the management and monitoring of pregnancy and the postnatal period (see the article “Shiatsu and pregnancy”). The benefits given vary according to the people and their field, depend on the methods practiced, the needs identified, the physical and psychological state of the mother on the day of the session.
In addition :
The teaching of Shinsoku Shiatsu is taught by Christophe Davy in Nantes, France.
He enrolled in a four-year training program with the Fédération Française de Shiatsu Traditionnel (FFST).
As a certified Shiatsu Pratitioner, I adhere to thr FFST Code of Ethics.
I communicate with all health professionals and do not remove muself from the attending physician.
Many midwives train in shiatsu and use it to facilitate labor during childbirth. In addition to relieving the ailments associated with pregnancy, sessions allow you to more easily assimilate the emotions, which avoids their blockages. They promote the attachment of the mother to her baby and accentuate the state of consciousness of the mother, implied for herself and the baby. In the postnatal period, shiatsu is very useful in preventing and regulating depression.
The sessions can be done in the presence of the father to encourage exchanges with the mother and the baby.
Benefits of shiatsu for Moms :
- Reduces pain,
- Promotes relaxation of the muscular zones under tension (neck, trapezius, para-vertebral),
- Restores mobility to the pelvic joints (hips, sacroiliac and sacra-lumbar),
- Improves the chances of normal work and good post-natal recovery,
- Promotes the relationship between the two partners, the involvement of the dad during pregnancy.
Benefits of shiatsu for the baby :
- Supports the physical and emotional development of the baby,
- Promotes good relationship with parents,
- Helps baby position properly for labour.
- 2015 with the Street SPA, non governmental organization (NGO), Montréal (QC) – Canada.
- 2014 with the Union Départementale des Sapeurs-Pompiers of Loire-Atlantique – France.
- 2011 and 2012 with the Clinique Brétéché of Nantes – France.
– Application of shiatsu for the treatment of chronic pain related to fibromyalgia.
- 2009 to 2012 withe the Carquefou Fire and Rescue Center – SDIS 44 – France.
In France, shiatsu is officially recognized since July 25, 2015 as a profession in its own right according to the laws in force in the field of public health. The professional title of “Specialist in Shiatsu” is defined by NSF code 330. The practitioner specialist in shiatsu holds a Federal Certificate issued by a recognized organization and declared as the French Federation of Shiatsu Traditional.
In Canada, except in the province of Quebec, Shiatsu is represented by the Shiatsu Federation of Canada. Each province has an independent structure representing Shiatsu, affiliated with the Federation. The professionals who practice it are shiatsu practitioners or Shiatsu Therapist. Shiatsu is recognized as a health therapy.
In the province of Québec
In the province of Quebec, Shiatsu is not federated by an autonomous structure but incorporates the professional category of massage therapy, subject to regulation and the laws in force in the field of public health.
Stage of shiatsu in which I participated, directed and animated by an experienced instructor
- « Assessment of the hara » in Pont-Aven – France, under the teaching of Yasutaka Hanamura Senseï